Nobel Prize Awarded to Scientists for Research on Temperature and Temperature


The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine was jointly awarded Monday to David Julius and Ardem Patapoutian “for their discovery of temperature and touch receptors.”

His work sheds light on how to reduce chronic and acute pain associated with a range of diseases, traumas and their treatments.

“Our ability to sense heat, cold, and touch is crucial to our survival and is fundamental to our interaction with the world around us,” the Nobel committee said in a news release. “We underestimate these sensations in our daily life, but how are nerve impulses initiated so that temperature and pressure can be perceived?”

The committee said that this issue has now been resolved.

The couple made groundbreaking discoveries that kickstarted their intense research activities, which led to a rapid increase in our understanding of how our nervous system perceives heat, cold, and mechanical stimuli. The award winners have identified critical missing links in our understanding of the complex interaction between our senses and the environment.

Specifically, Mr. Julius used capsaicin, a pungent compound that causes a burning sensation from cayenne pepper, to identify a sensor that responds to heat in the skin’s nerve endings.

Mr. Patapoutian used pressure-sensitive cells to discover a new class of sensors that respond to mechanical stimuli in the skin and internal organs.

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Dr. David Julius is a professor of physiology at the University of California, San Francisco. In the 1990s, his research on the chemical compound capsaicin revolutionized the way scientists understood the burning sensation created by cayenne pepper. Together with a team of colleagues, he created a library of millions of DNA fragments that are expressed in sensory neurons in response to pain, heat, and touch.

Ardem Patapoutian is a molecular biologist and neuroscientist at the Scripps Research Institute in La Jolla, California, focusing on “identifying and characterizing ion channels and other sensors that translate mechanical impulses into chemical signals.” According to the center’s website.

He received his doctorate degree. He attended the California Institute of Technology in 1996 and completed a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of Southern California before joining the Scripps Research team in 2000. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2017 and was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 2020. American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

In 2020, Dr. Julius and Dr. patapoutian, Kavli Prize in NeuroscienceAwarded by the Norwegian Ministry of Education for groundbreaking discoveries of proteins that help the body sense pressure.

Dr. Harvey J. Alter, Michael Houghton and Charles M. Rice received the award for their work. discovery of hepatitis C virus. The Nobel committee said the three scientists “made possible blood tests and new drugs that have saved millions of lives.”

  • There are two more science awards. Physics will be announced on Tuesday and Chemistry on Wednesday in Stockholm.

  • The literary prize will be announced on Thursday in Stockholm. read about last year’s winner, Louise Glück.

  • The Nobel Peace Prize will be announced on Friday in Oslo. Find out about last year’s winner, World Food Program.

  • The Nobel in economics will be announced on October 11 in Stockholm. Paul R. Milgrom and Robert B. Wilson.



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