Roe v. Wade and Birth Control: What to Know About Access and Options

Women’s health professionals count IUDs, or IUDs, among the most effective birth control methods, in part because people who use them don’t have to remember to take or apply them like a pill or patch. The doctor inserts one of the T-shaped devices into the uterus, a procedure that typically takes five minutes. Depending on the type, the IUD can stay effective for three to 12 years. .

There are two types of IUDs currently available:

hormonal, which secretes progestin. Dr. Compared to oral contraceptive pills, Rosen said “very little” of the hormone is absorbed into the bloodstream, so patients tend to experience fewer mood-related side effects. People who get a hormonal IUD may have abnormal bleeding or spotting for the first three to six months after insertion. Afterwards, the bleeding typically becomes lighter and more regular or goes away completely.

Copper, which does not contain hormones. However, Dr. Rosen said that people with heavy or painful periods may want to avoid copper IUDs because they can cause longer durations and heavier flows for some.

Nexplanon is a type of implant that is placed under the skin of the upper arm and lasts about three years. Also, Dr. It has the lowest failure rate of any birth control method, according to Nippita.

A doctor or nurse inserts the small stick the length of a matchstick and the procedure takes only a few minutes. Pelvic examination is not required.

Side effects can vary from person to person. Dr. About one-third of patients will experience “daily, abnormal, bothersome” spotting, Rosen said; the other third experience no bleeding at all; and the other third will have lighter, sparse staining. Some people with implants also report mood swings, headaches, weight gain and acne.

Depo-Provera is an injection that contains progestin and protects against pregnancy for three months. A healthcare provider usually applies it to the arm or hip every 12 to 14 weeks.

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